Burns in children are one of the most common accidents and injuries that happen to our young ones. The skin of our young children is very thin, and they are less able to protect themselves against infections. Children can also suffer from burns from hot liquids, firecrackers, and explosions. In these cases, they need special care. Therefore, burns are a serious problem for pediatricians. Fortunately, there are some ways to minimize the risk of infections, which often accompany the treatment of burns in children.
Scalds, in particular, remain a major cause of burns in children. Scalds occur when children pour hot fluid on themselves. They can cause scars and even death. Some of the ways to treat burns in children include using antiseptic ointment, washing them with tap water, and giving them over-the-counter pain medicines. Other ways to reduce the likelihood of infection are to keep them away from the en esta página source of the burn, or to wrap them with sterile gauze.
Burns in children are very common, and they tend to occur in the same places as adults. Unlike adults, however, they have a greater metabolic rate and need more fluids. Consequently, they need to be monitored more closely than adults. Furthermore, they are less aware of dangers of hot objects. However, if they do sustain a burn, they should be taken to an emergency room immediately.
Among the most important factors to consider when treating burns in children are the age of the patient, the severity of the burn, the etiology, and the location of the injury. This study is a systematic review of the medical literature, and it was based on a structured checklist that focused on these clinical and treatment-related factors.
A total of 194 cases of burns in children were examined. Two-thirds were under the age of five years, while the other third were between the ages of five and eight. Most of the cases were minor or moderate severity. Overall, there were two burns of electrical nature. One of these patients had a burn that spread over a large area. Almost all of the other patients suffered from a mild or moderate severity of burn.
Burns in children were found to be more common in rural areas, and in young boys. These areas also had higher rates of scalds and hot liquid burns. Moreover, interpersonal violence was reported in 9.3% of the cases.
While it is a fact that burns in children are very common, there is very little data on the incidence of severe burns. To address this, studies were conducted to provide an accurate picture of the burn burden and the prevalence of burns in various settings. Various methods were used to collect data, such as non-random consecutive sampling, simple random sampling, and cross-checking hospital data. Data were then analyzed to determine the place of the accident, and the burn depth, as well as the demographic characteristics of the patients.
The results indicated that while the number of children with burns in the study was relatively high, their numbers were not statistically significant. Furthermore, the number of adults with burns was higher than that of children.